The whole-tone scale: A mode of limited transposition How to use the Whole Tone Scale. . Remember to start the scale on the root of each chord. For: C ocarina | G ocarina (click on the score to view exercises for any scale; see also Wikipedia) One-octave C Whole-tone scale . The theory behind this scale is pretty evident from its name alone: it's built entirely in whole tones! , who often uses it in stride piano-style descending runs. If we start on C, and climb up whole steps, we have C, D, E, F#, G# and A#. C-sharp Whole-tone scale . The scale consists of six tones (the pictures show one octave including both the start and end note, the tonic). The composer Olivier Messiaen called the whole-tone scale his first mode of limited transposition.The composer and music theorist George Perle calls the whole-tone scale interval cycle 2, or C2. In addition, you can identify the whole-tone scale by eye because it only has 6 different scale degrees, versus 7 in a major or minor scale. Try applying the C and D whole tone scales over both the C7#5 and D7#5 chords in the following progression: Minor scales – do use use dorian? As always, we're happy to answer any questions you may have in the comments below! Its use was once frowned upon by strict classical composers, but the scale’s distinctive sound can now be heard fairly regularly in classical, film and jazz music. Master the three variations of the diminished scale (C, C#, D) Explore scale pattern exercises (use Herbie’s lines as a starting point) Apply this scale to V7 sounds in your solos; V. Kenny Kirkland and the diminished sound. Pieces that use the whole tone scale? Your comment comment will be manually validate. Or, whole steps, for those who are familiar with a different terminology. What we're going to do is play the 7th mode of the melodic minor scale. In addition to this, we get some more colourful notes: 9, b5, and #5. With all that said, you're probably wondering what the proper fingerings are for the whole scale on guitar. Whole-tone scale, all keys. Whole Tone Scale . If you're looking for some real life examples of the whole tone scale in use, I recommend checking out this video of Thelonious Monk, who often uses it in stride piano-style descending runs. Notice how the Whole Tone scale helps us to link all these ideas together in a way that sounds logical. In summary, the whole tone, half-whole diminished and altered scales are simply some different options you have available to you when you're soloing over an V7 chord. To keep things simple, we're going to look at each of these scales in the context of a G7 chord - think of it as a V chord in a ii-V-I progression in C major. Looking at it from the perspective of Db7, we would call this scale Db7 lydian dominant. E Whole-tone scale . (Once you've gotten comfortable with using the scales over this chord, then try using it over the V chord in other keys!). This scale is a combination of a diminished scale and a whole-tone scale. So, what this means in practical terms is that the G whole tone scale will work over chords that use those notes as extensions: such as G9, G7#5, G7b5, etc. Many jazz musicians prefer to use either the altered scale (7th mode melodic minor) or the half/whole diminished scale (alternating half steps and whole steps. Because all the notes have 1 tone of distance among them.. You can also notice that this scale … F-sharp Whole-tone scale . It’s not a scale that functions like any traditional major or minor scale, or even any of the more advanced scales. We can also use it, sort of, over a minor chord, but when we do we have to play it a semitone lower. D Whole-tone scale . The whole tone scale is a symmetric scale. Also fine: augmented triads (as long as they don’t imply a major 7.) The Whole Tone Scale Learn how the Whole Tone Scale is built and how to use it In this tutorial we're going to learn an uncommon type of guitar scale , the Whole-tone scale, that, as the name suggests, is composed of only whole-tones. Autumn Leaves Tutorial - Intro, Chord Melody, Single-Note Solo & Chord Shapes, The Ultimate No Nonsense Guide to Jazz Harmony, How to Play Shell Voicings for Jazz Guitar (3-Note Chords). If we analyze the scale degrees of each of these notes we end up with this: There a couple things to notice here! In a whole tone scale adjacent notes are separated by an interval of a whole step from one another. Whole tone scales are often used in jazz, and can be used to play over augmented and augmented 7th chords such as G+, or G7+. I think the question is rather, in which pieces doesn't Debussy use the whole tone scale ;) level 1. A whole tone is the same as two steps on the keyboard – a half tone is consequently one step. To recap, G altered = Db7 lydian dominant. Within this group of notes we get some notes straight from the G7 chord 1, 3 and b7. To do this, just play the hexatonic of the dominant in question. The application of this scale really shines when you use it over one chord vamps and modal tunes that have a slow-moving harmonic rhythm. Q: So, do you play whole tone scales over the ?5, and altered scales over the dominant chords. The Whole Tone Scale (a.k.a. C Whole-tone scale . This post will answer both of those questions, and more! This is a rather uncommon scale, but is for example used in … It is great to use over dominant #5 chords as long as you understand the notes you will get: 9th, #11, #5. Notice the first half of … For today, we're just going to focus on the half-whole diminished scale because, like the other scales on this list, it works really well over a G7 chord. The whole tone scale is a symmetrical scale which means the intervals that make up the scale have a pattern that repeats. Whatever note is started on, the whole tone scale … For: C ocarina | G ocarina (click on the score to view exercises for any scale; see also Wikipedia) One-octave C Whole-tone scale . So, I recommend trying out some of the playing examples, and then putting it into a tune for real. C-sharp Whole-tone scale . We’ll cover the basics with you and take you through an actual jazz standard showing you how to play over it! There are 6 notes in the whole tone scale and each is separated by a whole tone, hence the name. In a whole-tone scale, all music notes are separated by 1 whole step (tone ), and all note has the same importance the same function, so there is no tonic.Below is an example of a whole-tone scale: The whole-tone scale is one of the modes of limited transposition, because there is only transposition of this mode. Pretty cool, right? The scale was used as a comic device by W. A. Mozart in the sextet A Musical Joke (1787), and it is encountered from time to time in romantic music. The whole tone scale is most usually used over the "V" chord with a lowered or raised 5th (I use it all the time on the G7#5 chord in "Stella By Starlight" for example). Then, we're going to play that scale but start on a G instead of the usual Ab, which gives us: The notes that give this scale its unique sound are: b9, #9, b5 and #5. G Whole-tone scale . You might be wondering, what's with the long name? It is not for nothing that it is called “Whole Tone Scale”, is it? Below is an example of a whole-tone scale: The whole-tone scale is one of the modes of limited transposition, because there … The whole tone scale is unique in that it only has six notes. The most obvious use of the whole tone scale is for augmented dominant seventh chords, for example, the second chord of “Take the A Train.” The tune goes: C6 (or Cmaj7) for two bars, then D+7 for two bars. For example, for G7, this would be Ab melodic minor. And vice versa! Or in tones and semitones it would be: T – T – T – T – T – T… If you're looking for some real life examples of the whole tone scale in use, I recommend checking out. The tune uses a lot of diminished material and is aptly titled, Careful! A: Much of what goes into deciding what scale to use over any given chord is all about the context (what chords are surrounding it, how is it functioning harmonically, etc.) You can play whole tone starting from D, and get the major third, sharp five, and flat seven that make up that chord. 4 years ago. The interval formula of a whole tone scale is: W – W – W – W – W – W(whole steps). If we stack these scale degrees to create a chord, we get 1, 3, #5, b7, 9, #11. The scale is spelled out: 1/2 whole 1/2 whole whole whole whole (steps). You can play the whole-tone scale on any chord with a major third—a major triad, dominant-seventh chord, major-seventh chord, etc. For example: in the Am7 | G7 | C progression, we can play the hexatonic scale of G on top of G7. To make sure you fully understand this concept, ask yourself: what scale do you get if you play the Db7 altered scale over G7?*. These are the notes that give the whole tone scale its unique, "dreamlike" sound. E Whole-tone scale . 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