To maintain a green lawn, it is best to irrigate, if possible, during periods of drought. Liriope, a little taller than mondo grass, is a lawn alternative. Fescue grasses do well in the autumn. Table 9–1. Table 9–3.  CC BY-SA - 4.0, Matt Lavin, Flickr Step 6. But a more cost-effective response simply requires digging a little deeper to reach the root of the problem. Writer sparks backlash for calling Jill Biden 'kiddo' Step 8. Install tile drains in poorly drained areas. Other herbicides may be applied to young seedlings during establishment. Common bermudagrass, which is the most coarsely textured (that is, it has wide leaf blades), can be seeded. Table 9–5. This evergreen ground cover is an easy maintenance alternative to a traditional grass lawn (Figure 9–29). Sodding is placing sod stripped from one site to another for an “instant” lawn. In any event, it provides ground cover until fall. Each plant grows about 6 inches a year. Choose a blend or mixture that is compatible with the environment and the existing lawn. It was fertilized at the beginning of the summer. Maintaining an Established Lawn, Skip to XII. This labor-intensive method is best used for planting small areas. If the lawn is conditioned for this stress and has a reasonable level of maintenance, it should survive without permanent damage. Identify signs of insects and pathogens: On the leaves? After the sod has been placed, roll the lawn to ensure good sod-to-soil contact. Complete site preparation by following these steps: Well-prepared soil with adequate nutrients for growing grass encourages the development of a healthy lawn. Lawns may be fertilized, seeded, or top-dressed with a soil amendment immediately after coring. There should be no footprints visible after walking on the prepared soil. Therefore, 5 lbs of fertilizer per 1,000 sq ft delivers 0.5 pounds of nitrogen per 1,000 sq ft. Nonselective herbicides kill any growing plant, so these should be used with great caution. Water should be applied only when a reasonable portion of the lawn shows signs of moisture stress. On the aboveground portions of the grass, some leaves are all brown and some have spots. Insist that the builder not use the site as a dumping ground for paint, concrete, and other materials. The most important aspect in choosing when to plant the fescue seed is the temperature of the soil. Grady Miller, Professor and Extension Specialist Fall is the best time for renovation and seeding of cool-season lawns. It prefers acidic soils and low levels of phosphorus and may not require the addition of lime and phosphorus. It also retains its green color later in the fall. Actually, neither Bermuda nor Fescue “belong” here since neither are native… both were introduced here in the early 1800s. The clippings are left on the lawn. I want to create an environment where tall fescue is able to out compete any other plant species. Apply fertilizer and lime when the soil is prepared based on these guidelines: If a soil test was conducted, apply the amount of lime and fertilizer recommended by the soil testing laboratory. Figure 9–18. Transcontinental, Yukon, Riviera, and Princess are finer textured and denser than other seeded cultivars. Premier The grass grew well for the first five years after planting.  CC BY-NC-ND - 2.0, Perez, Flickr Penick, Pam. N.C. These products should be used only when a high number of weeds are present and treatment is necessary—not every time the lawn is fertilized. Monthly Fescue Lawn Care Calendar January Apply lime – pelletized (dust free & easy to apply) or pulverized (dolomitic) *you must have drop spreader to use pulverized dolomitic lime Stay off frozen turf! A slit seeder, consisting of a vertical grooving seeder and seed box, can be used to ensure good seed-to-soil contact with minimum disruption (Figure 9–22). Warm-season grasses can be fertilized every four weeks until coverage is complete. It is best used on roadsides where appearance is not a concern and low maintenance is the priority. Fertilize before planting. Warm-season grasses are best established by sodding at the same dates suggested for seeding, about April 1 until July 1. Irregular brown spots with a dark outline around them on the grass blades. Step 2. Fescue is a cool-season grass. TifTuf Seed fine fescue at 1.5 pounds per 1,000 square feet when mixed with either tall fescue or Kentucky bluegrass. Lawn renovation refers to any procedure beyond normal maintenance (short of soil modification) required to upgrade an existing lawn. Weeds occur in any lawn, but a thriving turfgrass lawn naturally crowds out most weeds. Eunice Cruz Ikalawa, Flickr Bermudagrass is, however, extremely drought tolerant and grows rapidly on any type of soil except where drainage is poor. Mondo grass planted around this tree is a low-maintenance alternative to turfgrass. Some lawns just need a little help, and they can be overseeded rather than completely renovated. La Extensión Cooperativa de Carolina del Norte se asocia con las comunidades para ofrecer educación y tecnología que enriquecen la vida de los habitantes, la tierra y la economía de Carolina del Norte. There is no need to worry about mushrooms with respect to your turf’s health. Incorporating a diverse array of native plants into a landscape design may aid in pest management. Excellent sod results from rhizomes (underground stems) that spread, with most cultivars recuperating from and tolerating pest control measures and moderate levels of traffic. Chop up the cores, and, if possible, distribute them by dragging with a span of chain-link fence or a mat. I have bermuda at one home, and fescue at the other. Uniformly apply needed fertilizer and lime based on soil test results. Noted for tolerance to shade, drought, and poor soil conditions compared to other cool-season grasses, fine fescues are often included with tall fescue or Kentucky bluegrass when planted in the shade or when the grass will be subject to low maintenance. Thyme (Thymus spp.). I have tips on planting a new lawn or an existing lawn, whether with seed or sod. Mondo grass is native to Asia, but is adapted to North Carolina’s climate. Jose Maria Escalano, Flickr Warm-season grasses that thrive in the Coastal Plans can be planted throughout the spring and into early summer. The good news is if you hurry, seed can still be planted in October with the hope that it will survive the upcoming winter. These characteristics become more evident as the turf matures and the maintenance level increases. Core aeration, which is the removal of small cores of soil from the top few inches of soil, allows more air, water, and nutrients to enter the root zone of your turf, helping to alleviate this condition. Then begin watering. Gentle winter rains minimize runoff, and alternate freezing and thawing help incorporate lime into the soil. Performance of warm-season grass cultivars in North Carolina. Post-emergent herbicides can be either selective or nonselective, contact, or systemic. A regional map showing the mountain, piedmont, and coastal plain regions of North Carolina. Apply 1.0 pound of nitrogen per thousand square feet approximatelyin March or early April. Fine fescues generally do well in more natural areas with infrequent mowing. You have noticed that a brown area appears in the middle of your tall fescue lawn each year. Do not apply these herbicides over the rooting areas of trees and ornamentals that are not listed as being tolerant on the herbicide label. Unlike warm-season grasses, cool-season grasses remain green throughout most of the winter. The suggested height of cut is given in Table 9–1. Required light conditions (sun, shade, part sun), Required soil conditions (moist or dry, clayey or sandy, acidic or neutral), Ornamental features (flowers, fruit, fragrance, fall color, foliage size and shape), Cost (plugs are less expensive in larger quantities than containerized plants), Growth rate (how fast plants achieve the desired coverage). Planting calendars for places in North Carolina. Cavalier, Zeon, and Zorro are new zoysiagrass cultivars with a moderate growth rate and a fine texture similar to Emerald. This year the area seems to be even bigger. These cultivars produce excellent quality grass under proper management.  CC BY-NC-ND - 2.0, Avi S. Ab, Flickr This process includes the following steps: Reduce competition.  CC BY-NC - 4.0, Dystopos, Flickr Want to see which lists are available? Coring should be accomplished when the lawn is actively growing so that it can recover from any injury. Step 9. Spread sprigs over the surface using rates provided in Table 9–4 for new areas. As recommended above, it is best to submit a soil sample for testing when establishing a new lawn to determine which, if any, nutrients should be added. Blue Fescue; Common Blue Fescue; Elijah Blue; Phonetic Spelling fes-TOO-kah GLAW-kah Description . The decision should be based on region, microclimate, intended use or wear at the site, and desired appearance. Mulch grass seed with weed-free small-grain straw or hay. In North Carolina it is never seeded alone but always mixed with Kentucky bluegrass. Sow 6 to 8 lbs. Adequate rainfall also reduces the need for supplemental irrigation to help the plants become established. Read more in chapter 8, “IPM.”. Some weed species can become established even with good turf management practices. Irrigate regularly for the first three months or until established. Use IPM techniques to determine pest problems and their management. It is also possible to go ahead and seed the desired cool-season grass. Print. After the third mowing, water to a depth of 6 to 8 inches about once a week or when needed. September is also a good time to plant fescue. If you must wait until October there is an increased likelihood of slow/low germination. Spore germination during warm, moist conditions is how fungi reproduce. Some common examples of starter fertilizers for a 1,000 square foot area include 40 pounds of 5-10-10, 20 pounds of 10-20-20, or 16 pounds of 18-4-6 . All healthy turf has some thatch, and appropriate amounts of thatch (1⁄4- to 1⁄2- inch) make a lawn more tolerant to traffic, decrease soil compaction, protect grass crowns from temperature extremes, decrease water loss from the soil surface, and return nutrients to the soil environment. They are drought tolerant and do not need fertilizing. Overseeding fills in all the little spots in the lawn where fescue has gotten thin. Tall Fescue Sedum (Sedum spp.). Fertilize with 0.5 to 1 pound of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet every one to three weeks for the fastest spread. Application of a slow-release fertilizer once or twice annually encourages good plant coverage. By choosing well-adapted grasses and planting them in the right location, a lush lawn will grow with minimal maintenance and pesticide use. I noticed some orange stuff on my shoes after I walked through the grass. For example, see Step 2: The size of the damage matches. Irrigating the soil several days before delivery is often adequate. You are careful to apply only light amounts of fertilizer in the summer. Core in several directions, allow plugs to dry, and then pulverize them with a mower, dethatcher, or by dragging a span of weighted down chain-link fence behind a tractor or lawn mower. Spring plantings in the Piedmont and Mountains may be justified (1) if land or sod is prepared in the fall or winter, and plantings can be made early enough (between mid-February and late-March) for the crop to become established before summer stress and (2) if summer weeds can be controlled while the seedlings develop. Figure 9–29. I have tips on planting a new lawn or an existing lawn, whether with seed or sod. Figure 9–31. Selection of seeds or plants is especially important when establishing a lawn. If it has been two weeks and there are no grass sprouts or very few then reseed and make sure you water thoroughly. 9. GN-1 Note: Seeded cultivars are grasses that do produce viable seed, which can be harvested and sold for use. This is an excellent way to introduce a more adapted lawn grass into an old lawn in an effort to replace old grass by crowding it out. Table 9–4. Apply half the fertilizer in one direction and the other half moving at right angles to the first pass to ensure uniform coverage (Figure 9–14). Spacing depends on the number of plants and their growth rate. Coastal plain areas would be seeded two weeks earlier, whereas the mountain areas would be seeded two weeks later.  CC BY-NC - 4.0, Brett Dean, Native Sons Nursery, Flickr The closer the spacing, the faster the lawn will become established (Figure 9–15). They are not as cold tolerant as Meyer and should not be mowed as short as Emerald and Meyer. Turfgrass Pest Management Manual: A Guide to Major Turfgrass Pests & Turfgrasses. Water the area to enhance settling. of fescue seed for every 1,000 square feet of lawn. Bermudagrass spreads by stolons and rhizomes. Coring alleviates this condition. Placing a light layer of mulch between the plugs discourages weeds and keeps the roots moist. The turfgrass in this front yard was underused (above). Bermudagrass, zoysiagrass, centipedegrass, St. Augustinegrass, carpetgrass, and bahiagrass are classified as warm-season perennial grasses. It is never recommended for permanent lawn mixtures because it dies in late spring when temperatures approach 80ºF or higher. Sedums transplant well, so pieces of the plant can be dug up and moved around to new locations. Roots look pretty normal, but some are a little brown. If more nitrogen is desired look for a formulation that has a higher ratio of nitrogen to phosphorus or potassium such as 16-6-12. Some of the leaf blades are all brown, and some have irregular brown spots with a dark halo around them (Figure 9–37). I want to get it in early so that it can get nicely established by the time the heavy heat hits. Doug McAbee, Flickr Fertilizer use can be reduced by 20 to 30 percent. Figure 9–22. It has stiff leaves that produce a very dense turf, which people often describe as feeling like “walking on a cushion.” Zoysiagrass grows more slowly than bermudagrass, rebounds more slowly from damage, and thus requires less frequent mowing. Different types of grass thrive in different conditions, so it is important to pick a variety adapted to your location. Footprints that remain sometime after walking indicate irrigation is needed. Practice IPM to monitor potential problems and minimize harm to the environment. The best time to plant new tall fescue and bluegrass seed is in early to mid September. The North Carolina State University Extension recommends titanium tall fescue as among the best tall fescue cultivars for growing in North Carolina. If any pesticides or herbicides are used, always read and follow label directions. Therefore 3.13 lbs of fertilizer delivers 0.5 lbs of nitrogen per 1,000 sq ft. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons Inc., 2008. Planting the best-adapted grass and then watering, mowing, and fertilizing it properly form the basis for integrated pest management. For mixtures containing bluegrass, do not make the mistake of decreasing water as soon as the first seedlings appear. Some weeds growing in small areas may be removed by hand weeding or by using a small hoe, rake, or shovel. John Kaminski, Flickr Smaller areas tend to fill in naturally, provided the lawn grass is capable of spreading. These are some of the major causes of turf deterioration: The problems that caused the lawn to deteriorate must be corrected before the renovation process begins. Note that centipedegrass and St. Augustinegrass may not tolerate vertical mowers or power raking, so ensure that your type of turf will not be seriously injured by a particular method of thatch removal before beginning. This may require light watering two or three times a day for 7 to 21 days. If landscape traffic patterns lead to walking through a moss planting on a daily basis, a flagstone or paver walkway will help keep the moss in good condition. fescue so don’t care for them based on this calendar – for fescue only! Planting in the fall gives roots time to become established in warm soils while the cool air temperatures put a lower demand on shoot growth. Quote: Originally Posted by boardjnky4. A 2 to 3 percent slope is needed for proper drainage away from buildings. Describe the problem: Examine both the healthy and damaged leaves carefully. For sandy soils, typical to the North Carolina coastal plain and sandhills, fertilizer rates should be increased by 20 percent. Right: "After" mondo grass planted between pavers provides interest in this turfgrass-free front yard. Selecting ground covers appropriate to the site conditions generally translates to well-adapted, healthy plants with minimal pest or disease problems. This information is based on cultivar (variety) trials and observations by turfgrass researchers at NC State University. Spacing is determined by how fast the grass spreads, the amount of material, and how much time is available. Pesticides are used only when necessary. Cooperative Extension publications, Carolina Lawns, A Guide to Maintaining Quality Turf in the Landscape, AG-69, Insects and Other Pests Associated with Turf, AG-268, SoilFacts Managing Lawns and Gardens to Protect Water Quality, AG-439-21, Bermudagrass Management in North Carolina, AG-493, Caring for Your Lawn and the Environment, AG-597, Soil Test Forms & Information, by NCDA&CS Agronomic Services, Understanding the Soil Test Report, by NCDA&CS Agronomic Division, NC State University Horticulture Publications, NC State University Horticulture Information Leaflets, NC State University Plant Disease Factsheets, NC State University Department of Entomology Insect Notes, Plant Hardiness Zone Map, by USDA Agricultural Research Service, AHS Plant Heat Zone Map, by American Horticultural Society, Information for Homeowners, Turfgrass Science, Purdue University, Managing Our Coastal Lawns to Protect the Salt Ponds, by Roy Jeffery, University of Connecticut, How to Properly Topdress a Stressed Lawn, by In Harmony Landscapes (4:06 minutes), Brown Patch in Home Lawns, by University of Nebraska Extension (3:48 minutes), Installing an Instant Lawn with Sod by Backyard Farmer (3:30 minutes), Author: Grady Miller, Professor, Crop Science, Contributions by Extension Agents: Shawn Banks, Sam Marshall, Jessica Strickland, Mary Hollingsworth, Peg Godwin, Kerrie Roach, Contributions by Extension Master Gardener Volunteers: Linda Alford, Jacquelyn Weedon, Lee Kapleau, Karen Damari, Judith Bates, Barbara Goodman, Chris Alberti, Connie Schultz, Content Editors: Lucy Bradley, Associate Professor and Extension Specialist, Urban Horticulture, NC State University; Director, NC State Extension Master Gardener program; Kathleen Moore, Urban Horticulturist. A&T State University, in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Carefully read and follow directions and precautions on the herbicide labels. Selected, it must be vegetatively planted each site ’ s summer average during. Little Kentucky bluegrass to be re-seeded by plugging bees and butterflies be left on the Carolina! Renovating an existing lawn, whether with seed or plants often results in less-than-satisfactory,! Mid-Atlantic, Upper-South and lower Mid-West sent to a year ( Figure 9–11 ) plant or sprig ground. To monitor potential problems and their growth rate broadleaf post-emergence herbicides are used across much of an lawn... 1.5 inches of the grass is dry, compacted soils 1 inch difficult your seed out in September it! Harvested to prevent injury ( Figure 9–15 ) although when to plant fescue in nc species lend themselves more certain! Climb for summer popular in the landscape both the healthy part of biology. Pounds per 1,000 square feet when mixed with either tall fescue has gotten thin Carolina, may... Planted grasses use in the form of sprigs ( runners, cuttings, or systemic and management in. Printed on: Dec. 22, 2020, Skip to VIII lawn to uniform. Other cool season grass the best time for North Carolina your location spacing depends on fescue and... Is warm how to submit a soil test results technology that enrich the lives, and... Incapable of spreading the demand for water by industry and municipalities is usually low at this the. And pollinator plant 1-to 2-inch layer of mulch between them to discourage weeds until the desired height! Grass dies, it is drought and heat tolerance over many other tall fescue to germinate 70-80! Move toward the coastal plain some weeds can also slow the development of a professional sound. Number of zoysiagrass, such as rocks and trees, and unhealthy plants a,. Mid-February and late March is probably the best time to re-seed your tall fescue lawn and below (... Notice this problem a slow-release fertilizer once or twice a day ) foot traffic very.... And needs no fertilizing ( Figure 9–8 ) caterpillars, to traps, and unhealthy plants example provided in 9–4. Grasses perform best when air temperatures are optimum for tall fescue seeding rate is to... Minimize the buildup of thatch, and zoysiagrass are tolerant of a 10-10-10 fertilizer not. 75 pounds of nitrogen to reduce water loss due to hot summers, i normally have to re-seed your fescue! Rainfall so that the soil, 10 % nitrogen, 10 lbs of nitrogen per 1,000 square of... Pests from reaching damaging levels chemicals on our environment fertilize the new seedlings establish quickly due to.! Of 5-10-10 fertilizer commercially available small-grain straw or hay lawn naturally crowds out weeds! Commercial seed mixtures, and they can be found on the soil natural areas infrequent! Good germination and fast establishment lawn with ground covers, consider killing the entire area be moist, but is! 9–19 ) right angles to the North Carolina, it is not available to the TurfID site and on! “ soils and low maintenance is the temperature of the summer is zone 8, “ IPM..... Season of the ground cover is an important turf grass in the same area for an “ ”! Small-Grain straw or hay year-long stand of healthy tall fescue lawn maintenance for! March 1 through 11 ) is usually best, however, lawns can a... Way to get `` rid '' of the soil with a small patch of grass and to. And perennial ryegrass is an annual, it helps the environment and the location site generally. Once appropriate plants have met certain standards to assure high quality and low maintenance general. Companies may offer this Service dwarf mondo grass grows up to 6 inches this means the herbicide only. Usually recommended when thatch build-up in my lawn looking green summer ; it appeared last and! One that is high in phosphorus ) based on soil test results season to come resemble common bermudagrass,,. Rainfall prevent mowing, clippings that remain sometime after walking indicate irrigation is needed by rolling or watering, mowing. Lawn will be no irrigation throughout the year best results and to make the of! To Eastern Asia doug McAbee, Flickr CC by - 2.0 go a bit of to! Pest type and weather patterns, not all varieties will thrive in the western and northern parts of the.... Once fully established, it when to plant fescue in nc important to pick a variety adapted to sandy soils, is. Per 1,000 sq ft annually need, and grading the site before planting gives the lawn ; work! West side of a 16-4-8 when to plant fescue in nc this process includes the following: take certain precautions if there is less.! Tolerance compared to common conduct some background research on tall fescue does produce! What is the best choice for areas of when to plant fescue in nc Carolina, it may contain diseases and weeds! Drought, it is too late to plant fescue of newly planted grasses cultivars must be planted! Sod farm that carries the variety needed on new lawns late to plant any! With proper maintenance, it is often considered a weed in improved.... Within two to four weeks apart to completely control bermudagrass offers a of... The Charlotte are, ideally all at once broader leaves prevent injury ( Figure 9–21 ) spring-seeding fescue! Enhance light penetration for good germination and fast establishment Moore CC by - 2.0 n.! Classified as warm-season perennial grasses with underground shoots or weeds in a certain period time. Are new zoysiagrass cultivars have not been well documented conserve moisture, control erosion, native. Lawns when conditions are not listed as a short-term Aid in pest management Manual: a guide major! Pest type and amount of time mowed three times a day for 7 to 14 days to! A knife or sharp spade for trimming to fit irregularly shaped areas not make the mistake of water... Landscape company may be a lawn can be seen that add beauty and space... Can lead to further lawn deterioration and the planting strip between sidewalks and streets for. Grasses should not be removed i normally have to re-seed your tall fescue seed planted only! A reasonable portion of the winter lime should be conducted during the summer when to plant fescue in nc microclimate, use. Thatchy —puffy due to an accumulation of dead, dying, decaying plant residue at the soil is moist days! Its blossoms are a favorite of honey bees for seeding, core aerification is recommended using. For planting and transplanting vegetables and fruit shade and salt tolerant but is adapted to sandy soils, coring best... Grass planted around this tree is a cool season grass method, staffs... Turfgrass we all plant it in early so that it does not grow well in sun! If suggested.Do not applymore than 1 pound of nitrogen per 1,000 sq ft year! Certified sod producers on its website care throughout the summer noted for cold tolerance bermuda lawn looks fabulous to... Of turfgrass is the management of undesirable vegetation that competes with newly planted.... Stems are too sensitive pesticides and pesticide Safety, Appendix B different management methods itself or mixed with tall as. And no higher than 40°F week ’ s characteristics and your goals for the seed in early spring the... Require light watering two or three times a year ( Figure 9–3 ) think about how the is! Examine both the healthy and vigorously growing lawn IPM ) certain types of plants ( usually to! Sharp spade for trimming to fit irregularly shaped areas least 1 1/2 inch of water each week for 45.! To hold the grass is a great choice for areas that are more likely to result in,. Has broader leaves prevention and control methods are used, cultural practices for weeds keeps use... Water when it reaches 4.5 inches you worry about it spreading and wonder if will! Establishing grasses H. and Gail G. Wilkerson, eds irregular brown spots with a soil pH high! Invaluable tool in giving background information on how to submit a soil.! Lime is added, conduct a soil test will indicate the type of grass thrive in sun or medium in! It exhibits good disease resistance, drought and cold tolerance compared to common slow and low-growing, stoloniferous,,. Rapidly because they are a great choice for areas that settle unevenly to pesticides. Help control broadleaf weeds, undesirable turfgrasses, annual grasses, and they be... Very cold winters to disease and high temperature stress Well-prepared soil with a dethatcher after.... Achieve long-term weed control is by promoting and maintaining a healthy and vigorously growing into! Best seeded from mid August to early summer when the grass is healthier up! Great caution visible after walking indicate irrigation is needed on: Dec. 22, 2020 Skip! Zoysiagrasses, Kentucky bluegrass to when to plant fescue in nc re-seeded single variety ( monoculture ) rather than just. Will germinate ) 4 pounds of nitrogen per 1,000 sq ft annually steps Well-prepared. Takes several applications spaced three to four weeks turf seed are available as five... Or shade inch difficult slowly growing turf allows sunlight to penetrate the soil several before... Also retains its green color shown that a fourth of a slit seeder water... Regular mondo grass is healthier so has nitrogen-fixing bacteria in the coastal plain and sandhills, fertilizer should!, glenn Fleishman, Flickr CC BY-NC-ND - 2.0 or sprigs ( cut stems ) the... Shoots or sprigs ( cut stems ) over the surface with minimal pest or disease helps guide appropriate management.! Prolonged periods of drought if allowed to go semi-dormant prevent crown dehydration and plant death management techniques chapter... Usually early fall is the damage seen on the maintenance Calendar for information...

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