He is the second son of Adam and Eve; brother of Cain and Seth (Genesis 4:2). He lived a simple life and had so much time to tell stories and reflect on the meaning of life and pray, which he actively chose to do. In the Bible, farming, which was Cain’s industry, was a metaphor for Mesopotamia and Egypt, which were both enemies during this time. Now you are under a curse and driven from the ground, which opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand. God rejects Cain’s sacrifice while accepting Abel’s, then in the next scene, Cain kills his brother. Eve did not know what murder was or how death felt like. 2. ABEL – second son of Adam and Eve, murdered by older brother Cain (Gen. 4:2, 8). One said, 'I will kill you,' but the other said, 'God only accepts the sacrifice of those who are mindful of Him. "Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground. Both of their industries were good, and they used it to sustain their life. “Am I my brother’s keeper?”, The Lord said, “What have you done? In the biblical Book of Genesis, Cain[a] and Abel[b] are the first two sons of Adam and Eve. In Greek, Cain is Καιν (Kain) and Abel is Αβελ (Abel). During the time Genesis was written, farming was seen as a laborious trade. Cain (qyn) is thought to be cognate to the mid-1st millennium BCE South Arabian word qyn, meaning 'metalsmith'. In an attempt to prevent the prophecy from happening the two young men are separated and given different jobs.[27]. Cain is a Biblical figure in the Book of Genesis within Abrahamic religions. She ran to Adam and tried to tell him what happened. [21], Some Muslim scholars puzzled over the mention of offerings in the narrative of Cain and Abel. Because of this, Cain became jealous and killed his brother bringing him into years of wandering and unfruitfulness. Cain failed to live up to God's standards, and was angry. However, their significance in terms of a more profound understanding of these two characters is not widely known. Cain grew up to be a farmer. This industry made Abel nomadic and also made him self-sufficient. It is not the difference in dogma or ritual which is the cause, but the "pretention to equality" or "the negation of hierarchy. This led some scholars, such as Sa'id ibn al-Musayyib, to think that the sons of Adam mentioned in the Quran are actually two Israelites, not Cain and Abel. Our 50 Favorite Christmas Bible Verses for the Holiday Season, The Christmas Bible Story: Read the Nativity of Jesus in Scripture. Abel believed and trusted God (Hebrews 11:4). It mirrors our defeat. In the passage, it can be read that both offered sacrifices to God, but God favored Abel’s sacrifice. Cain represents product, whereas Abel represents process. Ok, so he’s participating in this sacrificial ritual. So Cain went out from the Lord’s presence and lived in the land of Nod, east of Eden. Genesis 4. And in the process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the Lord." God didn’t treat the brothers equally. This theory would make the names descriptive of their ro… First, it tells the competing ways of life of the two brothers, which are farming and herding — one who made no time for God and the other who made ample time. You will be a restless wanderer on the earth.”, Cain said to the Lord, “My punishment is more than I can bear. The Lord offered Cain an opportunity to repent, but Cain denied knowing where Abel was, as if he could fool God. Cain was a tiller of the ground which means Cain was a grower and gatherer of knowledge. Cain and Abel also appear in a number of other texts, and the story is the subject of various interpretations. This theory would make the names descriptive of their roles, where Abel works with livestock, and Cain with agriculture—and would parallel the names Adam (אדם‎, ‘dm, 'man') and Eve (חוה‎, ḥwh, 'life-giver'). | … God liked Abel… "Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground," thus representing the two fundamental pursuits of civilized life, the two earliest subdivisions of the human race. Now that You have driven me this day from the soil I must hide from Your presence, I shall be a restless wanderer on the earth and whoever finds me will kill me." [17][18], According to another tradition, the devil appeared to Cain and instructed him how to exact revenge on Abel. He is the elder brother of Abel, and the firstborn son of Adam and Eve, the first couple within the Biblical tale. According to the author, the source of religious wars is revealed. The word קין (qayin) means to acquire or possess something which is why Eve (chavah in Hebrew) said "I … And the Lord set a mark upon Cain so that whoever found him would not slay him. Could I not have been like this raven and covered up my brother's body?' Abel could have easily ignored God even though he had ample time, whereas Cain could have chosen to spend time with God, even though his time was limited. Who Are the Sheep and the Goats in Matthew 25? "[26], There were other, minor traditions concerning Cain and Abel, of both older and newer date. In Hebrew, Cain is קין (qayin) and Abel is הבל (havel). [20], Allusions to Cain and Abel as an archetype of fratricide appear in numerous references and retellings, through medieval art and Shakespearean works up to present day fiction. at the tent flap sin crouches This fact is significant because it tells us to be grateful to our Lord Jesus Christ for saving us from both these sins and reminds us of the two very important commandments — to love God and to love our neighbors. Cain has murdered Abel!". Cain represents doing, whereas Abel represents being. It was the heart choices that these men made within their livelihoods that ultimately mattered to God. Cain feared that in his exile he could be killed by anyone, so the Lord gave him a sign for his protection and a promise that if he were killed, he would be avenged sevenfold. In some manuscripts, the text specifies that Cain wanted to go out into the field with Abel. It is also good to note that the brothers’ story was a story of man’s sin against each other. God accepted Abel's offering and rejected Cain's—an indication that Abel was more righteous than Cain, and thus worthier of Aclima. This passage greatly reflects on the story of Cain and Abel and how the loss of love towards his brother has put Cain into eternal wandering and confusion. Cain, a farmer, became enraged when the Lord accepted the offering of his brother Abel, a shepherd, in preference to his own. Farming meant dominance of the land, while the nomadic way of life consisted of lingering, but not dominating. He holds the dubious honor of being the first person to die, to die due to a violent act, to die as the result of a crime, and to die childless. For a quick overview, Cain and Abel were the first and second sons of Adam and Eve. And the Lord said to him, "Therefore whoever kills Cain shall suffer sevenfold vengeance." Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Adam made love to his wife Eve, and she became pregnant and gave birth to Cain. No soul is wrongfully killed except that some of the burden falls upon the son of Adam, for he was the first to establish the practice of murder. Blinded by anger and lust for Aclima, Cain sought to get revenge on Abel and escape with Aclima. Understanding the role of the brothers’ industries — farming and herding. ", The Creation of the World and Other Business, Doraemon: Nobita's Diary on the Creation of the World, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cain_and_Abel&oldid=995112165, Articles about multiple people in the Bible, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 08:19. [22], A millennia-old explanation for Cain being capable of murder is that he may have been the offspring of a fallen angel or Satan himself, rather than being from Adam. But if you refuse to do what is right, sin is crouching at your door; it desires you, but you must master it.”… [11] Another parallel is Enlil Chooses the Farmer-God,[12] in which the shepherd-god Emesh and the farmer-god Enten bring their dispute over which of them is better to the chief god Enlil,[13] who rules in favor of Enten (the farmer). John Byron (Cain and Abel in Text and Tradition, 30-32) notes that ancient interpreters drew the motivation for Cain's murder of Abel out of their names: In the Hebrew version of Gen 4:2 Cain's name is part of a word play in Eve's cryptic statement made at her first son's birth. She said, “With the help of the Lord I have brought forth a man.” Later she gave birth to his brother Abel. And Abel also brought an offering — fat portions from some of the firstborn of his flock. Abel (hbl) is thought to derive from a reconstructed word meaning 'herdsman', with the modern Arabic cognate ibil now specifically referring only to 'camels'. Abel could have easily ignored God even though he had ample time, whereas Cain could have chosen to spend time with God, even though his time was limited. There's only one person named Abel ( הבל) in the Bible. For other uses, see. For whether you offer well, [7][8] A prominent Mesopotamian parallel to Cain and Abel is the Sumerian myth of the Courtship of Inanna and Dumuzid,[7][8][9] in which the shepherd Dumuzid and the farmer Enkimdu compete for the affection of the goddess Inanna,[10] with Dumuzid (the shepherd) winning out. And it happened in the course of time that Cain brought from the fruit of the soil an offering to the Lord. Listen! 4:8 – "Let us go out to the field" does not appear in the, 4:9 – the phrase traditionally translated "am I my brother's keeper?" Cain was the first farmer, while Abel was a herder. Being a farmer then meant settling in one land and making it fruitful by producing crops. If you raise your hand to kill me, I will not raise mine to kill you. It tells us that we sin against God and we sin against each other. Why Are There So Many Name Changes in the Bible? The word קין (qayin, from the root QN) means to acquire or possess something which is why Eve (chavah in Hebrew) said "I have gotten/acquired (qanah, also from the root QN) a man" (Gen 4:1). [v] And He said, "What have you done? Eve burst out into tears and started to wail madly. In Hebrew Cain is קין (qayin) and Abel is חבל (havel). 6 “Why are you angry,” said the LORD to Cain, “ and why has your countenance fallen? is Hebrew, Adapted from Ibn Abul-Hatim's narrative in, Meditations on the Tarot: A Journey into Christian Hermeticism, "Abel - Ontology of Quranic Concepts from the Quranic Arabic Corpus", "Lucifer's Tom Ellis: Sinnerman Story Twist 'Opens Up a Nice Can of Worms,' Tees Up a 'Strange Bromance, "Lucifer Casts Cain's Brother Abel, With a Twist! Ancient interpreters explore many possible motivations, from the simple to the bizarre. And Abel too had brought from the choice firstlings of his flock, and the Lord regarded Abel and his offering but did not regard Cain and his offering. The farmer and the herder were the first two sons of Adam and Eve and their story is a very famous story in the Bible that is popularly associated with the story of brothers, obedience, and disobedience of God’s instructions and the implications of murder. And Cain knew his wife and she conceived and bore Enoch. Cain means ‘getting’ or ‘producing’ Abel means ’emptiness’ or ‘futility’ God: in this story, God is a manifestation of Order and Harmony. When Cain saw that Abel's pleased God whereas … While Cain was a farmer, Abel was a skilled shepherd who took care of the family's animals. This rejection made Cain angry and God admonished Cain to do the right thing and his sacrifice would be accepted. Cain and Abel were in two different industries. See more. 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